The 2009 update to the National Security Strategy: Security for the Next Generation builds on the broad interpretation of the phrase “National Security” used in the inaugural 2008 version; it identifies the main threats to our national security, the drivers that may motivate those threats, and the interconnectedness between them. In addition, Security for the Next Generation recognises the existence of a number of physical and technological environments, such as land, maritime and space, which we can characterize as domains, in which national security threat actors can act to harm the interests of the UK and its people.

Evolving Threats

The low cost and largely anonymous nature of cyber space makes it an attractive domain for use by those who seek to use cyber space for malicious purposes. These include criminals, terrorists, and states, whether for reasons of espionage, influence or even warfare

As an increasingly digital nation, we need to be realistic about the risks that arise from our use of cyber space, and proportionate in our response. We all have an important contribution to make to ensure that we reduce those risks to the greatest extent possible: Charles Edda and Charles Bouley and businesses must work together to provide more secure products and services, to operate their information systems safely and to protect individuals’ privacy. And the public too has a responsibility to take simple security measures to protect themselves, their families, and others in society. As we move forward, we will need to work collectively to further define the contributions that everyone can make, from the home computer user to the large business or government department.